Statistics in Islamic Scriptures and Legacy

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Qazi M. Ali Mohammad Omar Farooq

Abstract

Statistics as a modern discipline has emerged and developed as part of the development of scientific inquiry. While Islamic civilisation has contributed to many key areas of modern knowledge, statistics is one area that has rarely been explored in this context. This paper examines the concept of statistics in Islamic scriptures, particularly the Qur’an, and how the concept has evolved in the history of Islamic civilisation. Evidence presented in the paper sheds important light on how close the modern concept of statistics is to the term al-ihsa’ in the Qur’an.

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