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The world is increasingly data-driven. So much has been said about environmental data sets capable of yielding greater insights into water conservation, irrigation systems, medicinal knowledge and agriculture. It is no secret now that organisations are using various techniques – such as algorithms, cloud computing and sentiment analysis – to discover new practices that can aid business operations, research projects and inform policymaking. Characterised by the high volume,variety and velocity of data, environmental information from the internet is growing and changing minute by minute. Inadvertently, the introduction of the Internet of Things (IoT) continues to confirm its grand position in Industry 4.0. Herein, various data types have been revolutionised, helping researchers to see environmental problems in a whole new light.