The Farewell Sermon of Prophet Muhammad: An Analytical Review

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Mohammad Omar Farooq

Abstract

Historically, the Farewell Sermon (khutbah al-wida) of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)1 has occupied an important place in Islam. The sermon was delivered during the Farewell Hajj (pilgrimage), on 9 Dhu al-Hijja 10AH (6 March 632), at Mount Arafat. The sermon consisted of summarised exhortations reflecting some of the core teachings of the Qur’an and Sunnah. There are multiple versions of the sermon, with no single consolidated source being in existence. The sermon therefore seems to have been weaved from multiple sources over time. This brief essay examines the substance of the Farewell Sermon based on its various versions and presents an analysis to determine whether it should be more appropriately called the ‘Farewell Message’.

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